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Israel Knohl is a currently the Yehezkel Kaufmann Chair of Biblical Studies at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. One may consider him to be in the „Kaufmann school“ and was influenced by an important group of Jewish scholars such as Milgrom and Weinfeld. His work has focused on the priestly texts in the Pentateuch, and although he works within the paradigm of the documentary hypothesis, he stands with a group of Jewish scholars who work to challenge the tradition ordering of the sources and the assumptions concerning its date. In his analysis of P and H, he has argued against the consensus that P was a later source that incorporated H, and argued instead that H is actually later than P. Not only did he argue this within the book of Leviticus, the place where H has usually been limited to, but he saw H’s influence outside of Leviticus as well. His proposal has been gaining wider acceptance. His other proposal, as argued in his book Sanctuary of Silence is that the priestly rituals in the temple were essentially silent and that the absence of any words in Leviticus is important evidence for absence. This proposal has not gained as much traction as the first.

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